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Archaeological Treasures of Pakistan

Archaeological Treasures of Pakistan

A few archaeological treasures of Pakistan. We throw light at the civilization,tradition,religion and artwork of antiquity in the subcontinent.The discovery of monuments and seals belonging to distinctive a long time of the past deliver us precious information approximately the diverse aspects of the historical international. The most crucial archaeological treasure of Pakistan is Taxila. It is located at a distance of thirty miles from Rawalpindi. Taxila is crucial as an archaeological web page because of its association with Alexander and Asoka who have been the finest folks within the historic history. There are four websites at Taxila includes some of the oldest relics of our civilization and the arena’s creative treasure.It throws light on the Gandhara Art.

Lahore:

Lahore Fort:

The Lahore Fort (Punjabi and Urdu: شاہی قلعہ‎: Shahi Qila, or “Royal Fort”), is a citadel in the city of Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan.The fortress is located at the northern end of walled city Lahore, and spreads over an area greater than 20 hectares.It contains 21 notable monuments, some of which date to the era of Emperor Akbar. The Lahore Fort is notable for having been almost entirely rebuilt in the 17th century, when the Mughal Empire was at the height of its splendour and opulence.

Though the site of the Lahore Fort has been inhabited for millennia, the first record of a fortified structure at the site was in regard to an 11th-century mud-brick fort.The foundations of the modern Lahore Fort date to 1566 during the reign of Emperor Akbar, who bestowed the fort with a syncretic architectural style that featured both Islamic and Hindu motifs.Additions from the Shah Jahan period are characterized by luxurious marble with inlaid Persian floral designs, while the fort’s grand and iconic Alamgiri Gate was constructed by the last of the great Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb, and faces the renowned Badshahi Mosque.

And after the fall of the Mughal Empire, the Lahore Fort was used as the residence of Ranjit Singh, founder of the Sikh Empire. The fort then passed to British colonialists after they annexed Punjab following their victory over the Sikhs at the Battle of Gujrat in February 1849. In 1981, the fort was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its “outstanding repertoire” of Mughal monuments dating from the era when the empire was at its artistic and aesthetic zenith.

Badshahi Mosque:

The mosque was commissioned by Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1671. It is the second largest mosque in Pakistan after Faisal Mosque and can accommodate over 100,000 worshipers in its hall and surroundings. The mosque is located opposite to Lahore Fort and symbolizes the rich Mughal architecture. It was the largest mosque in the Mughal empire and held the record of being the largest mosque in the world for 313 years until 1986. Under Sikh and British rule from 1799 to 1939, the mosque was used as military garrison and was severely damaged. Extensive repair work were done after 1939 and by 1960 it was restored to its original conditions. A small museum containing relics of Prophet Muhammad, his cousin Ali, and his daughter Fatimah is established inside the mosque.

Shalimar Gardens:

The Shalimar Gardens (Punjabi, Urdu: شالیمار باغ‎), sometimes spelt Shalamar Gardens, is a Mughal garden complex located in Lahore, capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab. The gardens date from the period when the Mughal Empire was at its artistic and aesthetic zenith, and are now one of Pakistan’s most popular tourist destinations.

The Shalimar Gardens were laid out as a Persian paradise garden intended to create a representation of an earthly utopia in which humans co-exist in perfect harmony with all elements of nature. Construction of the gardens began in 1641 during the reign of Emperor Shah Jahan, and was completed in 1642. In 1981 the Shalimar Gardens were inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as they embody Mughal garden design at the apogee of its development.

Mohenjo Daro:

The second essential archaeological treasure of Pakistan is Mohenjo Daro.It is set sixty miles from sukker in sind. The maximum critical factor of this discovery is the Indus Valley Civilization.It incorporates us 5 thousand years lower back inside the records of the arena to prehistoric websites of Mesopotamia.This discovery proved that here existed a civilization before the advent of the Aryans. The skulls dug out from here show that 4 exclusive sorts of human beings

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